How Does Bone Grafting for Dental Implants Work?


Most people who have dental implant treatment have strong enough jawbone to support them. In some cases, however, enough bone loss has occurred that bone grafting is needed before an implant can be attached.

When is bone grafting needed?

If you have severe gum disease known as periodontitis, you may have lost some of the bone that holds teeth in place. Your dentist or a gum disease specialist (periodontist) may suggest a bone graft. Bone grafting stimulates new bone to replace the bone that was destroyed by periodontitis.

What causes bone loss?

Bone loss is caused by gum disease. Gum disease is caused by a prolonged lack of dental hygiene. Gingivitis is a mild form of this disease. When gum disease is left untreated it can develop into a more severe form called periodontitis. At this stage, the bacteria that has infected the tooth and gums has also affected the underlying jaw bone. An early sign of gum disease is bleeding and swollen gums. Symptoms of the progression to periodontitis is persistent bad breath, loose teeth, and mouth pain when chewing. At this stage, a periodontist should be consulted.

If the disease has resulted in bone loss, this makes attaching a dental implant more difficult. A dental implant features small metal rods that are fused to the jaw bone. An abutment is attached to these rods and the artificial tooth or crown is attached. The absence of strong bone material is a problem but a bone graft makes the procedure possible.

How is bone grafting used for dental implants?

Periodontists use different sources for bone grafts. The bone can come from either the patient or a donor. Sometimes the bone graft comes from a nonhuman donor like a cow. They can also be made from synthetic materials.

To prepare for the procedure, the periodontal surgeon will clean out the infected gums and surfaces of the tooth and apply the graft which will help strengthen the bone. The new bone material will eventually be replaced by new bone growth. It will take several months before the bone is ready. Depending on the success of the graft, the bone may be strong enough to support the dental implant.

Of course, gum disease and the need for a bone graft can be prevented with proper dental care, which includes brushing twice a day, flossing every day, and visiting your dentist every six months for cleanings and checkups.

Schedule a checkup today!

Should a bone graft be necessary, you’ll be in good hands with the highly-trained dental professionals at EON Clinics. We are dedicated to your oral health and well-being. We work with highly-trained doctors and dental assistants who use cutting-edge technology in our in-house labs. This creates a one-stop shop for all dental implant needs at clinics throughout Chicagoland and in southern Wisconsin and northwest Indiana. Find out how a dental implant treatment can improve your life. Schedule a free consultation online today or call us at 855-906-4470.